Scattered throughout China is the Hui minority. These are people the government categorizes as both ethnically Chinese and Muslim. The government will no longer call an individual Han Chinese if a person converts to Islam, instead, they will be called Hui. This is not the case for any other religion.
We visited the Muslim Quarter in Xi’an, which is populated by the Hui. We spent our time milling about the markets as well as taking in the interesting blend of Chinese and Islamic traditions in the hard-to-find mosque in the center of the Muslim Quarter.
The Hui coexist peacefully with the Han Chinese, and have no known affiliations with the Uighurs, Muslims in northwest China leading a separatist movement.